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National security wrap

Posted By , , and on January 14, 2016 @ 12:30

US - Canada border near Glacier national park [1]

The Beat

High-tech policing

The Washington Post’s Justin Jouvenal takes a look at how police and law enforcement agencies are increasingly able to use technology to calculate a suspect’s ‘threat scores’ [2]. Software such as Beware allows agencies to scan the suspect’s history including arrest reports, property records and social-media posts and then generate a threat level—enabling a more precise judgement and response. However, Jouvenal highlights the growing rift between the demand for technological surveillance and its impact on civil liberties. For more on tech and policing, Forbes explores how technology is helping to counter human trafficking [3].

Blackberry: not quite so private?

The Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI) [4], a government organisation which assists Dutch law enforcement agencies with forensic investigations, has confirmed to Motherboard [5] (after weeks of speculation [6]) that they’re able to decrypt encrypted messages on PGP Blackberry phones and recover deleted messages and emails. With Blackberry long being the smartphone of choice for criminals worldwide [7], it’s a win for authorities.

CT Scan

Fear itself

On War on the Rocks [8], Christopher Preble argues that US counterterrorism policy is failing to make Americans feel safe. Preble makes the point that Americans remain fearful of terrorism, even though the risk of being killed by a terrorist is objectively less than being killed by ‘lightning strike’ or ‘falling household furniture.’ Up to 40% of Americans believe [9] that terrorists are winning in the war on terrorism—the highest number since 9/11. The figure stood at just 9% after the death of Osama Bin Laden in 2011. Preble suggests that achieving a zero-risk counterterrorism strategy is all but impossible, and that public officials should discuss terrorism in context rather than overemphasising the risk and ‘terrorizing ourselves.’

Uyghur terror suspects

Indonesia and China are cooperating in an investigation [10] of several ethnic Uyghur terrorism suspects in Indonesia. One Uyghur man, arrested in December on suspicion of planning a suicide bombing, had entered the country as an asylum seeker via Thailand and Malaysia [11]. Indonesian police are considering the possibility that he may also have links to the Bangkok bombing at Erawan Shrine last year. Several other Uyghurs are suspected of joining or providing logistical support to Daesh-linked groups in Indonesia.

Checkpoint

Austria latest country to introduce tougher border controls

Last week Austria announced its plan to turn away ‘economic migrants’ in an attempt to reduce overall immigration, with Austrian ministers claiming that other European countries have failed to stem the flow [12] of asylum seekers arriving at its border. Germany has been refusing entry to up to 200 migrants per day since the beginning of January [13] which has resulted in more asylum seekers applying for asylum in Austria. Austria’s Interior Ministry statistics [14] show that 90,000 asylum seekers sought asylum in Austria in 2015, three times more than in the previous year.

Canadian border authorities to use faceware recognition to catch terrorists

Canada’s border force agency will compare images of people arriving with photos of suspects [15] on watch lists in order to keep alleged terrorists and other criminals out of country. The Canada Border Services Agency reports [16] that it wants to see how well the facial-recognition technology works at various locations. The Agency claimed that while it intends on testing the technology in an ‘operational context’ [17], no trials involving travellers have taken place as of yet. The federal privacy watchdog has warned the agency about the pitfalls of the technology [18], with Canada’s privacy commissioner Daniel Therrin warning about the potential for false positives and ‘unwarranted scrutiny’ of some individuals at the border.
First Responder

On the home front

Australia’s first responders were put to the test this holiday season with bushfires [19] in Western Australia and flooding [20] in New South Wales. ASPI’s Anthony Bergin discussed the importance of investing in Australian infrastructure to improve community resilience to natural disasters in The Australian [21]. Bergin highlights that funding needs to shift away from the current reactive approach, towards a more proactive strategy of mitigation and preparation. Investing in ‘bettering’ damaged infrastructure would help prevent future re-builds, clean-up costs, health issues and psychological trauma from disasters.

Coast to coast

The World Bank is designing a program [22] to promote the ‘climate resilience’ of the small-scale fisheries sector in the Caribbean against the increasing risks of climate change-related disasters. The Caribbean Ocean and Aquaculture Sustainability Facility (or COAST) will help facilitate innovative insurance financing that encourages small-island governments to support coastal management.



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URLs in this post:

[1] Image: http://www.aspistrategist.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2061523479_88a3c05549_o.jpg

[2] police and law enforcement agencies are increasingly able to use technology to calculate a suspect’s ‘threat scores’: https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/the-new-way-police-are-surveilling-you-calculating-your-threat-score/2016/01/10/e42bccac-8e15-11e5-baf4-bdf37355da0c_story.html

[3] technology is helping to counter human trafficking: http://www.forbes.com/sites/rebeccasadwick/2016/01/11/tech-fighting-human-trafficking/#2715e4857a0b4e9e320c49b1

[4] Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI): https://www.forensicinstitute.nl/

[5] has confirmed to Motherboard: http://motherboard.vice.com/read/cops-say-they-can-access-encrypted-emails-on-so-called-pgp-blackberrys

[6] speculation: http://www.nltimes.nl/2015/12/23/dutch-forensic-team-cracks-blackberry-encryption/

[7] smartphone of choice for criminals worldwide: http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/criminals-love-the-blackberry-s-wiretap-proof-ways-police-1.815031

[8] War on the Rocks: http://warontherocks.com/2016/01/we-are-terrorized-why-u-s-counterterrorism-policy-is-failing-and-why-it-cant-be-easily-fixed/

[9] Up to 40% of Americans believe: http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/264291-poll-most-say-the-terrorists-are-winning

[10] cooperating in an investigation: http://thediplomat.com/2016/01/official-indonesia-working-with-china-to-investigate-uyghur-terrorist-suspect/

[11] via Thailand and Malaysia: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-security-idUSKBN0UK0SE20160106

[12] Austrian ministers claiming that other European countries have failed to stem the flow: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-austria-idUSKCN0UQ0L820160112%5d

[13] refusing entry to up to 200 migrants per day since the beginning of January: http://www.english.rfi.fr/europe/20160112-austria-latest-eu-country-announce-tougher-borders

[14] Austria’s Interior Ministry statistics: http://ca.reuters.com/article/topNews/idCAKCN0UQ0L820160112

[15] will compare images of people arriving with photos of suspects: http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2016/01/08/border-security-turns-to-facial-recognition-to-watch-for-terrorists.html

[16] Canada Border Services Agency reports: http://www.biometricupdate.com/201601/facial-recognition-testing-for-canadas-border-security

[17] ‘operational context’: http://www.planetbiometrics.com/article-details/i/3987/desc/canada-to-trial-facial-recognition-technology-at-its-borders/

[18] warned the agency about the pitfalls of the technology: http://findbiometrics.com/canadian-facial-recognition-border-security-301083/

[19] bushfires: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-09/wa-fire-weather-conditions-slow-bushfire-threatening-harvey/7077874

[20] flooding: http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/live/2016/jan/06/severe-rainfall-and-flash-flooding-in-new-south-wales-live

[21] in The Australian: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/opinion/it-makes-sense-to-spend-before-disaster-strikes/news-story/aa0208c9583d71d1efe2a02c350b3c02

[22] World Bank is designing a program: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2016/01/07/as-climate-change-hits-the-caribbean-partners-collaborate-to-boost-resilience-and-rejuvenate-coasts

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